Hiroshima Day And Nagasaki Day Quiz by RNTalks
Two nuclear bombs were released by the United States over Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II, respectively. These days are remembered to promote peace and spread awareness about the danger of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons.
A total of 129,000 to 226,000 people were killed, most of them civilians, in the two bombings, which remain the only nuclear weapons use in armed conflict. During the end of the Second World War, the Allies demanded the unconditional surrender of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945, or they would be destroyed by “prompt and utter destruction”.
The ultimatum was ignored by Japan. As required by the Quebec Agreement, the United Kingdom gave consent to the bombing, and orders were issued to use atomic bombs against Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, and Nagasaki on July 25. Take this Hiroshima Day and Nagasaki Day Quiz by RNTalks and learn new facts and understand why Hiroshima Day And Nagasaki Day are observed.
This is a timed quiz. You will be given 1200 seconds to answer all questions. Are you ready?
What geographic feature saved many residents of Nagasaki from the bombing and its blast?
There was more power in the Fat Man bomb than the bomb dropped over Hiroshima, but due to Nagasaki’s more uneven hilly terrain, there was less damage.
‘I am become death, shatterer of worlds,’ is what a scientist said on witnessing the first nuclear explosion. Name him….
JR Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist, lived from 1904-1967. While the Manhattan Project was underway, Oppenheimer was director of the Los Alamos Laboratory tasked with developing atomic bombs. He is furthermore also referred to as the “father of the atomic bomb.”
What was the bombing originally designed for?
President Truman ordered the use of atom bombs in order to bring about Japan’s surrender in the Second World War. Japan surrendered unconditionally in the days following the bombings. World War II saw the development and construction of the first atomic bombs as part of the Manhattan Project.
What was the nuclear material that was used in the construction of the Hiroshima bomb?
Uranium and plutonium are the two main components of nuclear weapons. In order to make a nuclear weapon, one requires highly enriched uranium (HEU) and weapon grade plutonium. The Hiroshima bomb was manufactured from highly enriched uranium-235.
How many days after Hiroshima was Nagasaki bombed?
Two nuclear weapons were detonated over Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States on 6 and 9 August 1945 respectively. Approximately 129,000 to 226,000 people, the vast majority of whom were civilians, were killed in the two bombings, which remain the only nuclear weapons used in armed conflict.
What was the name of the top-secret project to develop the atom bomb?
The development of the atom bomb was ‘The Manhattan Project.’ It was a massive undertaking that brought together the best scientists in the world, along with the top U.S. military minds, to produce the controversial atomic bomb, which was developed out of concern that Hitler was working on a nuclear weapon and was planning to use it.
Which city was the primary target during the 2nd bombing on 9th August?
B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, flown by Major Charles Sweeney, was carrying a plutonium bomb, code-named “Fat Man”. Kokura was the intended target, with Nagasaki as a secondary target in the event of cloud cover making sighting impossible. Kokura was partially obscured with smoke and clouds when the plane reached at 9:44 am (1:44 am Tinian Time). Yahata, a city nearby, had been firebombed on the previous day. Additionally, the steel plant in Yahata intentionally set fire to coal tar containers to obscure target sight. Since the plane had limited fuel, it was not able to launch a bombing attack on visual recognition because of the clouds and smoke. Twenty minutes later, the plane reached Nagasaki at 10:50 am, but clouds again obscured the city. After making several bombing runs without obtaining any visual targets, the crew was forced to drop a bomb using radar due to a lack of fuel. A sudden opening in the clouds allowed them to see the racetrack at Nagasaki, and they detonated the bomb on the city’s Urakami Valley midway between Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works in the south and Mitsubishi-Urakami Ordnance Works in the north.
What was the weight of the Fat man atomic bomb?
The 'Fat Man' atomic bomb was 128 inches (3,300 mm) long and 60 inches (1,500 mm) wide. The weight of the bomb was 10,300 pounds (4,700 kg). Due to its wide, round shape, the early design of the bomb is known as Fat Man. Fat Man had a solid plutonium core and was an implosion type nuclear weapon.
Which place was the US B-29 bomber plane targeting in Hiroshima?
Hiroshima’s Aioi Bridge is an unusual three-way bridge in the shape of a “T”. The original bridge, built in 1932, was used to aim the 1945 Hiroshima atom bomb because of its distinctive shape and because the bridge was close to the city’s center. Although the atomic blast did not destroy the bridge, it sustained a great deal of damage. Bridge repairs were made following the war, and it served for more than 40 years before replacing it with a new bridge (built as a replica) in 1983. A surviving portion of a floor girder from the original bridge was subsequently donated to the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum.
Where did the Americans transport the atomic bomb before the attack?
To facilitate the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, Tinian Island was used as the launching point. Tinian is a small island. It is one of three islands in the Northern Marianas and is roughly 1,500 miles south of Tokyo, and is less than forty square miles in size.
Who are the Hibakusha?
Hibakusha is a Japanese word that translates as “people affected by explosions.” The Hibakusha are the people who were impacted by the atomic bombs released on Hiroshima and Nagasaki respectively on 6th and 9th August by the United States near the end of the Second World War and survived.
What is the estimated temperature neared the atomic blast?
The Hiroshima fireball was 370 metres (1,200 ft) in diameter, with a surface temperature of 6,000 °C (10,830 °F). Near ground zero, everything flammable burst into flame.
Which of the below planes dropped the bomb on Japan?
Hiroshima, Japan, was devastated by the controversial atomic bomb dropped on August 6, 1945, by the Enola Gay. Boeing constructed the B-29 (also called Superfortress) as a four-engine heavy bomber.
Who was the central figure in the development of the atomic bomb?
Major General Leslie Groves of (Engineer Corps of the Army) the United States directed the project from 1942 to 1946. The Los Alamos Lab that designed the bombs was headed by nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer.
What does “Mokusatsu” mean?
It means-take no notice of; treat. (anything) with silent contempt; ignore [by keeping silence]; remain in a wise and masterly inactivity. Chase said the Japanese responded with the word “tokusatsu,” which was intended to mean in context that they were reserving comment. The Allied Powers were mistakenly informed by inaccurate translators that “tokusatsu” meant that the Japanese were ignoring it.
The United States wanted to beat which nation to the development of an atomic bomb?
A combined 210,000 people-children, women, and men were killed when the United States detonated two atomic bombs over Japan in August 1945. Japan’s surrender was facilitated through the use of atom bombs by then-President Truman.
Where did the atomic bomb actually explode in Hiroshima?
Approximately 500 feet from the Aioi Bridge, the bomb detonated with the force of more than 15,000 tons of TNT directly over a medical clinic. The reaction caused a blinding flash of heat and light throughout the city, though less than two percent of the bomb’s uranium achieved fission.
Who was against the atomic bomb?
Eisenhower, the commander of the allied forces during World War II, recounted in 1963 that he opposed using the atomic bomb against Japan in July 1945. In a conversation with Secretary of War Henry Stimson he said that he was against it on two counts. First, the Japanese were prepared to surrender, and it didn’t seem necessary to hit them with that awful thing. Second, he hated to see his country to be the first to use such a weapon.
What is the name of the Atomic Bomb used in the Nagasaki bombing?
Fat Man was the codename for the controversial nuclear bomb that was exploded by the United States over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.
Who was the Japanese Emperor who announced the surrender of Imperial Japan at World War II?
Japanese Emperor Hirohito broadcast a surrender message to his people on the radio. The broadcast came one day after Japan told the United States and its allies that it was surrendering, and Hirohito and Japanese ministers signed the Imperial Rescript of Surrender.
The first atomic bomb test took place in....
The world’s first nuclear explosion occurred on July 16, 1945, when a plutonium implosion device was tested at the Alamogordo Bombing Range, known as the Jornada del Muerto, 210 miles south of Los Alamos, New Mexico.
Who flew Bockscar carrying the Fat Man atomic bomb to the Japanese city of Nagasaki?
Sweeney died of unspecified causes Thursday at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. He lived in nearby Milton, Mass. The future general was a 25-year-old major when he piloted the borrowed B-29 bomber nicknamed Bock’s Car that dropped a plutonium bomb dubbed “Fat Man” on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.
What was the nick name given to the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, killing 200,000 people in a city of 3,50,000?
The official codename of the atomic bomb that was detonated on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, during the end of World War II was “Little Boy.” It was the first nuclear weapon ever deployed in warfare. Colonel Paul W. Johnson, the pilot of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay, dropped the bomb.
What did the bombings of Hiroshima and later Nagasaki prompt the Japanese Imperial Government to do?
As a result of their fear of our atomic bombs, the Japanese decided to surrender unconditionally rather than continue fighting since they had no way to prepare for such an attack. On August 13, 1945—four days after the bombing of Nagasaki—two military officials had a phone conversation about how many more bombs to detonate over Japan and when. According to the declassified conversation, there was a third bomb set to be dropped on August 19.
What was Harry Truman’s other option for ending World War II?
President Truman had four options: continue the conventional bombing of Japanese cities; invade Japan; demonstrate the bomb on an unpopulated island, or drop the bomb on an inhabited Japanese city.
When did the second bombing happen?
On August 9, 1945, a second atom bomb was detonated on Japan by the United States, at Nagasaki, resulting finally in Japan’s unconditional surrender.
What is the biggest difference between a conventional bomb and an atomic bomb?
The majority of the energy in a conventional bomb is released in a blast. On the other hand, atomic bombs release 50 percent energy as blast, 35 percent as heat, and 15 percent as nuclear radiation.
Nagasaki’s bombs contained what type of fissionable material?
Uranium and plutonium are the two main components of nuclear weapons. In order to make a nuclear weapon, one requires highly enriched uranium (HEU) and weapon grade plutonium. The fission bomb dropped on Nagasaki in August 1945 Fat Man used Plutonium−239 as the fissile material.
At what time did the first atomic bomb explode in Hiroshima?
On 6th August, at 8:15 am local time, a B-29 bomber Enola Gay detonated the atomic bomb, code-named as “Little Boy”. The atomic bomb had a force of over 20,000 tonnes of TNT on Hiroshima. This was when most industrial workers had already reported to work, many others were en route, and children were in schools.
Who was the president of the USA when the world’s first atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
In the wake of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s death, Truman was elected president. He is best known for dropping the atomic bomb on Japan in order to end World War II in the Pacific. Additionally, he is known for the Marshall Plan, the Truman Doctrine, and the Korean War.
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