Best International Organ Donation Day Quiz
The 13th of August is observed every year as Organ Donation Day. Lack of awareness has led to myths and fears about organ donation in people’s minds.
The purpose of this day is to promote organ donation as a virtue among all human beings and to spread awareness about the need for organ donation.
The organ donor can perform a significant role in saving others’ life. Transplantation of the donor’s organ enables the patient who needs it urgently to live a better life. Take this International Organ Donation Day Quiz by RNTalks and learn some facts about organ donation today.
This is a timed quiz. You will be given 800 seconds to answer all questions. Are you ready?
Type AB blood means....
The AB type is the universal recipient, and it can receive from any other type, but only donate to other AB types.
If anyone wants to become an organ donor, he/she should first...
Pledging your organs is a simple procedure. Just fill out the online pledge form at https://www.organindia.org and they will send you a donor card with your personal government registration number/id.
What is the approximate number of people in India waiting for organs or tissues?
India has only about 301 hospitals that can perform organ transplants, which means there is only one hospital equipped for organ transplantation and retrieval for about 43 lakh patients. There are many issues hampering organ donation in India, including a lack of infrastructure.
A single organ, eye, or tissue donor can save and improve the lives of...
It is possible to save or improve the lives of 50 people by one organ, eye, or tissue donation, and many others whose suffering is eased by such generosity.
What organ has the longest transplant waiting list?
In the waiting lists for kidney, kidney-pancreas, pancreas, and heart patients, patients over 50 years of age experienced the longest median waiting times.
If you believe a patient meets the criteria for organ donation, when should you call the referral hotline?
Once all medical options have been exhausted, the medical team consults with the family about their wishes about end-of-life decisions, which may involve withdrawing life-supporting therapies. It is important to obtain accurate patient demographics and medical cause of death, a call should be placed to LifeShare (INDIA) within two hours.
When a person loses all brain function permanently and irreversibly, it is known as:
A person with brain death loses all brain functions permanently and irreversibly. It is no longer possible for the brain to receive blood and oxygen. Clinically and legally, the patient is dead. There are no chances for recovery. Donations of deceased organs usually occur after the patient has been declared brain dead.
Which of the following transplant types is most successful?
Globally, kidney transplants are the most common, followed by liver and heart transplants. Corneae and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues, outnumbering organ transplants ten-to-one.
India is the second-largest transplant country in the world.
Hence about 25-30 thousand liver transplants are needed annually in India but only about one thousand five hundred are being performed. Similarly, about 50000 persons suffer from Heart failures annually but only about 10 to 15 heart transplants are performed every year in India. India is the second-largest transplant country in the world (after the United States), but it lags far behind western countries like Spain (35.1 pmp), the United States (21.9 pmp), and the United Kingdom (15.5 pmp) in national donation with a donation rate of only 0.65 per million population (2019) due to its huge population.
In the event of your organ donation, doctors will not use as much effort to save your life while managing to use your organs.
Recovery of organs and tissues takes place only after all attempts to save your life have failed and death has been declared. Those who work to save your life are completely separate from those who recover organs and tissues.
A brain transplant or a head transplantation is the same.
Transplantation of the brain is a procedure in which the entire brain of an organism is transplanted into the body of another organism. It differs from head transplantation, in which the entire head is transferred to a new body instead of just the brain. In theory, a person with advanced organ failure could be given a new and functional body while retaining their own personality, memories, and consciousness. No human brain transplant has ever been conducted.
How are transplants managed in the United States?
Organ transplants in US are managed by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), a non-profit organization with a federal contract.
Living donors are permitted to donate...
Living donors are permitted to donate - one of their kidneys, portion of pancreas, part of the liver. It is mandatory for the living donors to be at least 18 years old and may donate only to immediate family members or, in some rare cases, the recipient out of affection and attachment.
Living people and brain-dead patients can be a donor...
Both can donate their organs. Living individuals can donate their organs during their lifetime. Donor cards will be provided, which act as a will for organ donation. Organ donation rules have been established for brain-dead patients by the Transplantation of Human Organs Act. The process begins with obtaining the consent from family, the coroner, and legal authorities in addition to the procedures laid down in the act.
Donating organs isn't possible after you turn 65.
Organ donation is not restricted by age. There have been successful organ donations by people who are in their 80s and 90s.
What is the easiest organ to transplant?
The liver is the sole visceral organ that is capable of remarkable regeneration. Or to put it another way, the liver grows back. The regenerative potential of the liver is what makes partial liver transplantation feasible. The liver regenerates once a portion or lobe is transplanted.
We all know that the organs can be donated. But besides organs tissues can also be donated.
The organs that can be donated are: Liver, Kidney, Pancreas, Heart, Lung, Intestine. Tissue can also be donated. Tissues means a group of cells performing a particular function in the human body. Examples would be bone, skin, cornea of the eye, heart valve, blood vessels, nerves and tendon etc.
The transplant waiting list is sorted by a ranking system in which you can pay to move up.
Ranking on the waiting list cannot be changed by paying. There are several factors that go into matching patients and donors, including: medical urgency, blood type and size match, waiting time, and the geographical distance between the donor and the recipient also plays an important role.
When there are no other suitable methods of procuring a tissue or organ, using a living donor becomes the only viable option.
In living donation, an organ (or a part of an organ) is donated to another person in order to be transplanted. The living donor can be a relative, such as a parent, sibling, aunt or uncle.
Who manages the transplant system in INDIA?
National Organ Transplant Programme is implemented by Department of Health Services, Government of India, with the aim of training human resources and increasing organ donation rates. With a budget of Rs. 149.5 crore for the 12th Five-year Plan, the National Organ Transplant Programme seeks to promote deceased organ donation to improve access to life-changing transplantation for needy citizens of our country.
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Organ Donation: Facts You Need To Know
- Organ donation is open to anyone regardless of their age, caste, religion, or community.
- Organ donation does not have an age limit. Organ donation is determined by strict medical criteria, not by age.
- Tissues like cornea, heart valves, skin, and bone can be donated in case of natural death, however vital organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver, intestines, lungs, and pancreas can only be donated after ‘brain death.’
- Organs like the heart, kidneys, pancreas, liver, and lungs can be transplanted in many recipients whose organs have failed since they allow them to return to a normal lifestyle.
- Anyone younger than age 18 needs to have the agreement/permission of a parent or guardian to be a donor.
- Living donors may be prevented from donating if they have malignant cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease.
In an initiative to save as many precious lives as possible, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is urging all communities and faiths to come forward and generously donate their organs.
Therefore, the Ministry had launched the 6th World and first-ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress 2010 in New Delhi.
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