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Malaria Quiz Test Your Malaria Prevention Knowledge
25 April is globally observed as World Malaria Day each year. WHO Member States instituted it during the World Health Assembly of 2007. The theme of World Malaria Day 2021 is “Finding new approaches to fight malaria.”
What do you know about malaria? Take the Malaria Quiz Test Your Malaria Prevention Knowledge and find out for yourself!
How Many Types Of Malaria Are There That Affect The Humans?
There are four kinds of malaria that can infect humans. They are all spread by a mosquito bite. The mosquito host can't be just 'any' mosquito. It has to be an Anopheles or Aedes mosquito.
Of The Four Types Of Malaria, 'Falciparum Malaria' Is The Most Deadly. This Type Of Malaria Is Most Prevalent In What Place?
Malaria is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where 94% of deaths are caused by the infection. Children under five years of age are most affected and 61% of malaria deaths occurred in this age group. 80% of the infection is found in Sub-Saharan Africa, 7% in the South-East Asia, and 2% in the Eastern Mediterranean.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Malaria?
The signs and symptoms of an uncomplicated malaria infection include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Without treatment, P. falciparum malaria can rapidly progress to severe illness and death.
Following Are Few Ways To Control And Eliminate Malaria By Controlling Vectors (Mosquitoes). Which ONE Of These Is NOT A Vector Control Technique?
It is known that old tyres are a breeding ground for mosquitoes, as they accumulate water where they can then lay their eggs. All the other examples are good ways of controlling mosquitoes.
Which Type Of Malaria Is Usually Fatal?
All the 4 types of malaria can be fatal. Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum), Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae), Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax) or Plasmodium ovale. In cerebral malaria, the brain is infected, in severe malaria, the parasitic infection runs out of control and placental malaria is usually fatal for the mother.
Who Is Most At Risk From Malaria?
Malaria is particularly dangerous to young children and pregnant women in areas with high transmission. In areas with low transmission, the population is susceptible to malaria regardless of age group within those high-transmission areas. The African region bears a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden, and 92% of malaria deaths occurring there.
Who Won The Nobel Prize For Physiology Or Medicine In 1902 For The Discovery Of The Malaria Parasite Life Cycle?
He was the first British Nobel winner, and the first born outside Europe, for his studies on malaria transmission. Sir Ronald Ross was a British medical doctor who was the first to receive the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, in 1902. He discovered that malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes in 1897 when he found its parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of a mosquito, and laid the groundwork for fighting the disease.
How Many Countries And Territories Worldwide Are Considered At Risk For Malarial Infections?
More than 40 percent of the world's population is at risk. These countries would include, Central and South America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, Africa, India, Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Oceania.
African Children Under The Age Of Five Suffer Approximately How Many Bouts Of Malaria Per Year?
People seem to develop some resistance to malaria after a while, but are never completely immune. There were 229 million malaria cases worldwide in 2019, which caused 409,000 deaths. Of these deaths, 67 percent (274,000) were children under 5 years of age. This translates into a daily toll of nearly 750 children under age 5. Malaria is an urgent public health priority.
What Part Of The Body Do These Malaria Parasites Feed On?
Malaria parasites have voracious appetites! In just a few hours, they can suck as much as one quarter of a pound of haemoglobin from the red blood cells of an infected person causing severe anaemia!!
How Many Countries Have Developed Resistance To Insecticides?
More than 60 countries have reported mosquito resistance to at least one type of insecticide used in indoor spraying and treated mosquito nets. An effective tool, even in areas where resistance has been detected, continues to be long-lasting insecticide-treated nets.
Which One Of The Following Are NOT Antimalarial Compounds?
Penicillin is an antibiotic that targets bacteria. The others are all antimalarial compounds. As a crude extract of P. rubens, penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming. Penicillin was successfully used for the first time for the treatment of an eye infection, called ophthalmia neonatorum, in 1930, by a student of Fleming's named Cecil George Paine.
Once Malaria Parasites Enter A Person's Blood They Then Travel To Which Organ?
They travel first to the liver cells where they grow and multiply. From there, they enter the red blood cells.
There Are Four Kinds Of Malaria That Can Infect Humans. They Are All Spread By What?
Malaria is transferred through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, which are active largely between dusk and dawn. Signs and symptoms typically manifest in 10 to 15 days after the infective mosquito bite.
Finally, To Test Your Knowledge Of Recent Events. In 2015, Tu Youyou Became The First Chinese Woman To Win A Nobel Prize In Medicine Or Physiology.
Tu Youyou is recognized for the discovery of the anti-malaria drug artemisinin. She is the first mainland Chinese scientist winning the Nobel Prize in the history of science in China.
I Can Protect Myself From Malaria By…
Malaria is entirely preventable and effective vector control measures, such as insecticide-treated bed nets, have a vital role to play. Indoor residual spraying is another fundamental intervention used in malaria-endemic countries. It includes spraying an effective dose of insecticide with a long residual activity on indoor walls and ceilings where malaria vectors are expected to rest after biting. The insecticide is sprayed typically once or twice per year.
How Soon Should You Get Tested For Malaria If You Suspect You Have Become Infected?
Early investigation and treatment with a potent antimalarial drug are essential to prevent dangerous complications. Patients who suspect malaria should have a rapid diagnostic test or microscopy performed as soon as possible following onset of a fever.
According To The World Health Organization's Estimate In 2000, How Often Does Malaria Kills One Child?
Worldwide, it is estimated that there are 300-500 million clinical cases of malaria per year. One child dies of malaria worldwide, every 30 seconds, about 3000 children every day. 90% of malaria cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa, where one million people die worldwide each year from malaria, principally children under five years of age.
How Long Must A Malaria Parasite Grow In Its Host Before Infection Can Be Spread To A Human Being?
When a mosquito bites a malaria infected human, it ingests the malaria parasites found in their blood. If, after a week, the infected mosquito then bites another person, it passes the parasites to the human through its' saliva. For most people, symptoms begin 10 days to 4 weeks after infection, although they may exhibit symptoms as early as 8 days or as late as 1 year later! Thus a vicious cycle begins.
There Is A Vaccine Against Malaria
Presently, there is no licensed vaccine against malaria. The most advanced vaccine against P. falciparum is known as RTS, S/AS01. An evaluation of this vaccine took place in 7 countries in Africa, and the European Medicines Agency gave it a positive recommendation.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease. Infected Anopheles mosquitoes are typically the carriers of malaria. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite to the victim. Whenever this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream.
It is typically found in subtropical and tropical climates where the parasite lives. According to the WHO’s Trusted Source, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries in 2016.
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