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Dhanteras, Diwali, Bhai Dooj To Govardhan Puja 2022 Know All About It
By:- Rama Lavanya
Diwali (Deepavali) is a festival of lights and one of India’s major festivals. The festival is usually celebrated for five days.
During Diwali, light triumphs over darkness, good triumphs over evil, and knowledge triumphs over ignorance.”
Traditionally, the festival is marked by worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha, known for prosperity, and Ganesha, the god of wisdom and the remover of obstacles.
Rama and his beloved consort Sita returned to Ayodhya with their brother Lakshmana after defeating Ravana in Lanka after 14 years of exile on this day.
Deepavali begins with cleaning, renovating, and decorating their homes and offices with diyas (Earthen lamps) and rangolis (colorful patterns).
During Diwali, people wear their new clothes, illuminate their homes with diyas, lights, and rangoli, and perform Lakshmi Puja, the goddess of prosperity and wealth.
It is usually celebrated after twenty days of Vijayadashami (Dussehra), beginning with Dhanteras, the festival’s first day.
There are three days to the festival of Diwali: Naraka Chaturdashi, Lakshmi Puja and Diwali.
The day after Lakshmi Puja is known as Govardhan Puja. Bhai Dooj celebrates the bond between sister and brother on the fifth day.
Day 1: Dhanteras, Dhanatrayodashi
Dhanteras (Dhanatrayodashi) marks the first day of Diwali in India.
During Dhanteras, Dhanvantari is worshipped as the God of Ayurveda. On this day, everyone starts their day by cleaning homes and business places.
Diyas (small earthen oil-filled lamps) are installed and lit during Diwali celebrations. People decorate doorways within homes and offices with rangolis, colorful rangolis, and flowers.
Children start cracking fireworks on this day to mark the arrival of the Diwali Festival.
Day 2: Naraka Chaturdashi, Chhoti Diwali
The second day of Diwali festivities is Naraka Chaturdashi, also known as Chhoti Diwali.
The term “chhoti” refers to little, while “Naraka” refers to hell, and “Chaturdashi” means “fourteenth.
The rituals on this day are the ways to liberate souls from suffering and become spiritual auspicious.
In mythology, Naraka Chaturdashi represents Lord Krishna’s annihilation of the demon Narakasura.
Day 3: Diwali Festival
The youngest members of the family visit grandparents and other senior members of the family on this day for blessings.
People make so many sweet dishes and savories at home for Diwali. As the evening approaches, celebrants wear new clothes or their best outfits and perform Lakshmi Puja and Kuber Puja.
The lamps are decorated around the home. After the puja, people celebrate the evening by lighting up Crackers (fireworks) together.
The night of Diwali is dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi; to welcome her for bringing prosperity and happiness for the coming year.
Family members light up firecrackers with children. For the Mahalaya, which comes before Dussehra, some people invite the souls of their ancestors.
The lights on Diwali night and the firecrackers represent symbolic farewell to the departed ancestral souls.
Day 4: Govardhan Puja
In some communities of the central, north, and west regions of the country, the fourth day is celebrated as Govardhan puja.
Govardhan puja is about honouring the Hindu God Krishna for lifting the Govardhan mountain to relieve cowherds and farmers from incessant rains and floods.
Day 5: Bhai Dooj
The festival’s last day is called Bhai Dooj (literally “brother’s day”), Bhai Tilak, or Bhai Phonta.
It is believed that Lord Krishna arrived at his sister Subhadra’s house after defeating Narakasura on this day.
In addition to a tilaka on his forehead, Subhadra offers him delicacies to welcome him. The day celebrates the unique bond between brother and sister.
Children and adults celebrate Diwali by cracking fireworks at their compounds with friends and relatives making the festival joyful.
There are so many fireworks available in the market like Sparklers, Chakras, Flower pots, Pencils, Twinkling stars, shots, rockets, etc.
Fireworks such as sparklers burn slowly and emit bright, colorful sparks while emitting golden light. Sparklers are popular with children. These are called ‘phuljhadi’ in Hindi, very popular with children.
The ground spinner or Chakri is a favorite among kids. These circular fireworks emit colorful sparks and flames while spinning. The Charka comes in various sizes and colors.
Flower pots are mostly made in a cone shape. Flower pots are famous for their colorful sparks produced upwards and for their bright displays. Crackers of this type are relatively safe.
Pencil crackers are made in a cylindrical shaped structure of black powder, which is covered with colorful paper.
This cracker is safe for children and creates a beautiful golden to silver color stream of sparkles when burnt.
Twinkling stars light up when they come into contact with fire. They are available in various colors and sizes.
Rockets are made with the help of colors, flashes, and chemicals with special pyrotechnic properties added to gunpowder.
Greetings and best wishes for Diwali to everyone
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